He was the fast friend since childhood, near and dear Companion of the Prophet (salallahoAlaiheWasalam), father of Hazrat Ayeshah (and thus father in law) and first Caliph. Professionally he was cloth merchant. He has been bestowed the highest rank among all human race after all prophets.
His real name was Abdul Kabah, which means the servant of the Kabah. When he embraced Islam, the Prophet (salallahoAlaiheWasalam) changed his name to Abdullah. However, in early youth he had adopted the surname of Abu Bakr (due to fondness of raising camel). Even to this day, the world generally knows him as Abu Bakr.
The name of the father of Hazrat Abu Bakr was Hazrat Usman, but he was known as Abu Qahafah. The name of the mother of Hazrat Abu Bakr was Hazrat Salma. She was also known as Ummul Khair. Genealogically seventh pedigree ancestors are common as of Prophet Muhammad (salallahoAlaiheWasalam) and thus belong to Quraish tribe. He was born in 573 AD and thus about 3 years younger than the Prophet (salallahoAlaiheWasalam). From early years, Abu Bakr was known for good and upright nature. He was honest and truthful. His goodness also won him the friendship of Huzoor-e Aqdas (salallahoAlaiheWasalam). The two became fast friends in early boyhood. When he grew up, Abu Bakr became a rich merchant. But he used to be very kind-hearted.
First adult male to accept Islam:
Abu Bakr was always very close to the holy Prophet. He knew him better than any other man. He knew how honest and upright his friend had always been. When revelation came Hazrat Abu Bakr was the first to accept and testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allah and Mohammad (d.) is Allah’s worshiper and Prophet. He was the first adult male to accept Islam. As soon as he became Muslim, he began to preach Islam to others. He had many friends. The friends knew that Abu Bakr was sincere and truthful. They knew he would never support wrong cause. He called them to Islam and they became Muslims. Among them were men like Usman, Zubair, Talha Abdul Rahman bin Auff and Saad bin Abee Vaqqas. These men later became the pillars of Islam.
The Title of Siddeeque:
On 27 Rajab, 12th year of annunciation of prophethood, night the holy Prophet had the Meraj of Ascension. The angel Hazrat Jibraeel (Gabriel) came with the word that Allah Taala wanted the holy Prophet to come all the way up to the highest heaven. The holy Prophet undertook the journey.
In the morning after the ascension had taken place, the holy Prophet talked to people about the Meraj. This drew the jeers of his enemies. The started mocking on him and tried to disapprove the Holy Prophet’s assertion. When Abu Bakr came, he immediately said:
“I would believe anything that the Rasoolallah says”.
When the holy Prophet learnt of this, he at once said, “Abu Bakr is the Siddeeque evertruthfull.”
Migration to Madeenah:
He accompanied Huzoor-e- Aqdas (salallahoAlaiheWasalam) at the time of migration to the blessed city of Madina.
Participation in Battles:
He had partaken in all Holy wars. Abu Bakr took part in all the battles that Huzoor-e Aqdas (salallahoAlaiheWasalam) had to fight. All his life, he fought bravely under the banner of the Rasoolallah. At Uhad and Hunain, some of the men showed weakness. They forgot to do their duty. But the faith of Abu Bakr never wavered. He always stood like a rock by the side of the Holy Prophet.
When peace talks at Hudaibiyah were going on, Abu Bakr sat by the side of Huzoor-e Aqdas (salallahoAlaiheWasalam). During conversation, the spokesman of the Quraish ever now and then gave a jerk to the beard of the Prophet (salallahoAlaiheWasalam). This was too much for Abu Bakr. He took out his sword and looked angrily at the man and warned not to do so. Tabuk was the last expedition of the holy Prophet. He was keen to make it a great success. He asked people to help the expedition with whatever they could. This time Abu Bakr beat all past records. He took all his money and household articles and heaped them at the feet of Huzoor-e Aqdas (salallahoAlaiheWasalam).
The closeness of Hazrat Abu Bakr to Huzoor-e Aqdas (salallahoAlaiheWasalam) and his boundless devotion to Islam won him universal respect. Not only was he the first man to accept Islam, he was also the foremost among Muslims to uphold the cause of Islam.
Representative of the Holy Prophet:
Makkah fell in 8 AH. Kabah was, for the first time, in the hands of Muslims. It had to be cleaned of the traces of idol-worship and the silly practices of pagan days. Hitherto pagan Arabs had done absurd things at the time of Hajj. They used to go around the House of Allah naked. They did many other foolish and unclean things. All this had to be stopped.
The first Hajj under Islam fell in 9 AH. The holy Prophet was too busy at Madina to lead the Hajj himself. So Huzoor-e Aqdas (salallahoAlaiheWasalam) appointed him Chief of Hajj Committee (Amir-e Hajj). He was to lead the Hajj in place of the Prophet. Hazrat Ali was also sent with Abu Bakr. Abu Bakr read the Khutbah of Hajj. Then Hazrat Ali stood up and read out to the people the commandments of Allah concerning the idol worshippers. From that year on, they were forbidden to enter the Kabah.
He leaded the congregation (imamat) in the last days of terminal sickness of Huzoor-e Aqdas (salallahoAlaiheWasalam) on his command.
He remained Caliph for 2 years 3 months and 11 days. He became sick on Sunday August 8, 634 AD. His ailment lasted for 15 days and finally he passed away on Tuesday night August 23, 634, (22 Jamadil Akhir, 13 AH) at the age of 63 years. As per his will his wife Hazrat Asma bint-e Umais gave bath. He was buried adjacent to the Holy Prophet. Hazrat Umar Performed namaz-e Janazah. He left behind three sons namely: (1) Abdul Rahman (2) Abdullah (3) Mohammad and three daughters namely: (1) Asma (2) Ayeshah (3) Umme Kulsum.
In short Abu Bakr kept going the great work of the Prophet. For that he had to fight hard. He fought with a will and with a faith that amazed everyone. Islam is forever grateful to him for the great services he rendered to it.