To repeat the wordings of azan / adan at the beginning of farz salat/ namaz. It is similar to azan / adan, but differs in the following respect:
· The Iqamah/ Iqamat is recited inside the mosque whereas azan / adan is called from outside the precincts of mosque.
· The Iqamah/ Iqamat is recited in a soft voice while the azan / adan is called out loudly.
· During Iqamah/ Iqamat, the fingers are not inserted in the ear openings as is the case in azan / adan.
· The Iqamah/ Iqamat is recited rapidly while the azan / adan is called out haltingly.
· The verse اصَّلوةُ خيْرٌ مِّنَ النَّوْمِ (as-salatu Khairum-minan-naum i.e. salat is better than sleep) is not recited during Iqamah/ Iqamat.
· During Iqamah/ Iqamat of the five daily salat the verse قَدْ قَامَتِ الصَّلوةُ (Qad qa-matis-salah) is repeated twice after reciting حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلَاحِ (haiya alal falah i.e. come to success).
· During Iqamah/ Iqamat the face is not turned right and left as in azan / adan.
· The Iqamah/ Iqamat is recited when congregational salat / namaz is about to begin,
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